Gramido, Convention of

   Agreement signed by representatives of the parties in conflict in the Patuleia civil war (1846^-7), involving the siege of Oporto. At Gramido, near Oporto, the Oporto junta led by José Passos, the Lisbon government of Queen Maria II's constitutional monarchy, and the emissaries of the intervening foreign powers of Great Britain, France, and Spain negotiated and signed a convention to stop the armed conflict. While the force of the intervening foreign armies and fleets convinced the Oporto rebels to negotiate and eventually capitulate, the provisions of the Convention of Gramido were not recognized, ratified, or fulfilled by the triumphant Portuguese government in Lisbon nor by the foreign powers that had dispatched armed forces to Portugal.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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